Before we take a look at a surgical option for fibroids, it is worth noting that surgery should be your last option. Many females are able to shrink their fibroids with the help of natural remedies, fibroids diet, and making little changes in their lifestyle.
Surgery option is also for those females who have tried all-natural remedies still their fibroids are not shrinking or they keep on coming back. Your doctor may analyze the severity of pain, your pregnancy plans, and your medical background history before suggesting any surgical procedure.
However, when your doctor suggests any surgical procedure, you need to have some knowledge about the procedure. For this reason, I created this article in which I talk about what are some common surgical procedures for fibroids.
Let’s drive into it and find out more about these surgical options for fibroids.
Myomectomy is the most common surgical option for fibroids in which fibroids are taken away without affecting the uterus. Women who have severe pain and also want to have children in the future can opt for this treatment option.
This is a very effective surgical procedure, but the chances of fibroids growth are also very high. The younger you are, and the more fibroid tumors you have at the time of Myomectomy, the more likely fibroids will grow back. However, for women who are near menopause are less likely to suffer from fibroids development in the future.
Doctors perform Myomectomy operation in many ways. Your doctor will tell you the best way to do Myomectomy on your body after checking the size, location and number of fibroids tumors in your body.
Here are three ways to perform Myomectomy:
- Abdominal Myomectomy:
For this procedure, you have to stay in the hospital for at least two nights, and also stay for a couple of weeks in your home. You will also take general anesthetic to remain sleep for the whole procedure. In this procedure, doctor will make an incision (a cut) on the lower abdomen and take away fibroids from the body then the uterus muscle will sew back together with stitches.
- Laparoscopic Myomectomy:
For Laparoscopic Myomectomy, you will stay in the hospital for a day and then on the bed for 3-4 weeks. Additionally, you will have to take general anesthetic to remain sleep until the procedure ends. In this procedure, the doctor will make four one-centimeter cuts in the lower abdomen region: One near the belly button, one near the pubic hair region, and one cut in each hip. Your abdomen is filled with carbon dioxide and then the doctor passes out a tube (with light and camera) from one of the incisions (a cut) so that he/she can see the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Once the doctor finds fibroid tumours, then he/she inserts long instrument through other incision and remove fibroids. Once the procedure is successful, uterine muscle is sewn back, gas released from the body, and skin cuts are closed.
- Hysteroscopic Myomectomy:
Unlike the previous two types of Myomectomy procedures, you can go home on the same day of the operation and recovery time is also less than the previous two types. In this procedure, you will have to take general anaesthetic to fall sleep until the whole procedure ends. In this procedure, you will have to lie on your back with your feet on the gynaecology stirrups. The doctor will insert speculum through the vagina and a thin telescope through the cervix. Then the uterine cavity is filled with water to lift apart of the walls of the uterus. Then instruments are inserted through hysteroscope to take away fibroids. This procedure is only for women who have submucosal fibroids.
Hysterectomy is another major fibroids surgery to eliminate fibroids for good. In this procedure, the uterus is taking away from the patient body. This procedure stops menstrual bleeding and reduces pelvic pressure. However, a woman will never become pregnant again.
Doctors don’t usually remove ovaries from the woman body. However, if a woman is in menopause or near to menopause, then doctor remove ovaries. This reduces the chances of ovarian cancer later in life. If you opt for this surgical procedure, then make sure you ask the advantages and disadvantages of removing ovaries from your doctor.
There are three major ways to perform this surgical procedure. The doctor will suggest the best approach by analyzing different factors such as the size of the uterus.
- Vaginal Hysterectomy:
For this surgical procedure, you have to stay in the hospital for at least two days, then at the home for at least six weeks for a full recovery. In the first 24 hours, you will get significant pain, then mild pain for the next 10 days. You will remain asleep for the whole procedure. In this procedure, the uterus will remove from the vagina from an incision or cut. However, to be eligible for this procedure, your uterus should not be too large.
- Abdominal Hysterectomy:
In this procedure, you will be staying in the hospital for three nights, and six weeks in the home. However, some complications during surgery can prolong the recovery period. You will remain sleep until the whole procedure. In this procedure, uterus removes through the horizontal cut in the lower abdomen region.
3. Endometrial Ablation
Another common fibroids surgery is Endometrial Ablation. However, Endometrial Ablation doesn’t remove fibroids, the main purpose of this surgical procedure is to control heavy bleeding.
This procedure is less invasive than other surgical operations for fibroids which mentioned above. And patients can usually go home on the same day of having this procedure. Sometimes, doctors perform this procedure with other surgeries as well.
In this procedure, the doctor inserts an instrument to the uterus and removes uterus lining through one of these ways.
- Electric Current
- Radio waves
Final Few Words:
Note: Fibroids usually shrink after menopause, so women who are near menopause should wait before taking any treatment.
Many women don’t need to get any treatment for fibroids if their fibroids are not creating problems. And even if fibroids start creating problems, then women can first start with 3-Step approach to see if their situation improves.
Many women are able to treat their fibroids with the help of proper diet, active lifestyle, and good habits. Some other women may need medicines if symptoms remain or fibroids pain keep coming back.
Before asking for surgical options from your doctor, ask him about other treatment options, and he may prescribe medication.
And if medications are not improving the situation then consider surgical options. Make sure you ask your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of every surgical procedure for fibroids.